“The flight paradox”: the contradictions of asylum policy

In recent years, immigration and the protection of migrants and refugees in Germany has led to controversial discussions. Many of the policy decisions in this area have conflicting and complex implications for society.
Managing refugee flows is one of the biggest challenges facing asylum policy today. On the one hand, we as a society seek to protect and welcome those fleeing violence and oppression. On the other hand, however, there is also an ever-increasing number of people who are concerned about jobs, housing, and financial support.
This tension between humanitarian values and economic reality has become known as “The Refuge Paradox”. The debate about how to solve the paradox has influenced political battles and decisions in Germany and other countries in Europe. How can we design an asylum policy that is humanly and economically sustainable?

The contradictions of asylum policy: causes and necessity

Asylum policy is a complex issue that has many contradictions. On the one hand, there is a need to ensure the protection of human rights and the right to asylum; on the other hand, there is a concern about overburdening and resource constraints for host states. Another contradiction lies in the fact that many people flee for economic reasons and are not necessarily politically persecuted.

However, these contradictions cannot be easily resolved, as they are inherent in the nature of asylum policy itself. It is the responsibility of governments to receive asylum seekers while controlling borders and ensuring public security. The solution, therefore, is a balanced and fair asylum policy that takes into account the protection of human rights and the well-being of society.

The need for asylum policy arises from the fact that many people are forced to leave their homes and seek protection elsewhere because of war, persecution or discrimination in their home countries. These people should have the opportunity to start a new life in a country that offers them protection. Asylum policy is therefore a moral duty of host countries to respect and promote the protection of human rights.

The challenge is to shape asylum policy in a way that takes into account both the needs of asylum seekers and the local challenges and needs of host countries. This includes transparent and fair asylum procedures, support for integration and effective border control.

  • Asylum policy is complex and has contradictions
  • Governments must provide protection and control borders
  • Solution is balanced and fair asylum policy
  • Asylum policy is a moral duty of the host countries
  • Challenges: Addressing the needs of asylum seekers and local challenges

The contradictions of asylum policy: “The flight paradox”

One of the biggest problems of asylum policy is the “flight paradox”: On the one hand, there are more and more people who have to flee from war, persecution and other dangers and seek protection. On the other hand, there is growing skepticism in many countries, including Germany, about accepting refugees.

This leads to an apparent contradiction: On the one hand, countries like Germany have an obligation to grant asylum to those seeking protection. On the other hand, many citizens are concerned about overburdening the social system and potentially affecting their own living situation. This can lead to a negative attitude towards refugees.

Another contradiction is that, on the one hand, asylum policy is a humanitarian obligation, but on the other hand, it must also take into account political and economic interests. This can lead to insufficient attention being paid to the interests of refugees and to certain groups of people seeking protection being disadvantaged.

In order to solve these contradictions, various measures are necessary. This includes a better integration of refugees into society, but also a stronger cooperation between the countries in the reception of protection seekers. In addition, asylum procedures need to be expedited to avoid unnecessarily long waiting times and to facilitate the integration of refugees.

  • The flight paradox is one of the biggest challenges of asylum policy.
  • The reception of refugees is viewed critically by many citizens.
  • Political and economic interests can conflict with humanitarian obligations.
  • Better integration and a faster processing of asylum applications can be possible solutions.

The contradictions of asylum policy

The flight paradox describes the contradictory situation that on the one hand more and more people have to flee due to war, persecution or discrimination, but on the other hand more and more states restrict their borders and their right to asylum.

This leads to serious problems in European asylum policy. On the one hand, refugees are often not sufficiently supported in many EU states, on the other hand, many states do not want to give up their sovereignty and geographical borders.

The refugee paradox is reinforced by the fact that the number of people who need to flee will increase in the future due to climate change and economic crises. It is therefore urgently necessary that the European states come to a common solution to overcome this humanitarian crisis.

  • refugees need protection and support,
  • States must assume their responsibility,
  • there is a need for coordinated and effective action at the European level.

This is the only way to overcome the refugee paradox and create a humane and just asylum policy.

Possible solutions for a better asylum policy

The contradictions of asylum policy are becoming increasingly clear. On the one hand, there is a humanitarian obligation to accept and support refugees. On the other hand, the resources and security of the receiving countries are at stake. It is important to find solutions that allow for a better asylum policy.

  • Better distribution of refugees among EU member states is an important step. Consideration should be given not only to reception capacity, but also to integration opportunities and existing refugee communities.
  • The creation of safe escape routes can help to reduce the number of people who have to flee in life-threatening situations. This includes, for example, humanitarian visas that facilitate legal entry opportunities.
  • The promotion of integration measures is another important point. This includes language and work courses as well as access to education and healthcare. Successful integration can help refugees integrate more quickly into society and thus stand on their own two feet more quickly.

It is important to consider the above solutions in a European context. Only through a joint effort at the European level can long-term and sustainable solutions be found.

Positive effects of a better asylum policy

Effective distribution of refugees Relieving the burden on host countries and improving the integration of refugees
Safe escape routes Reduction of the number of deaths on the run
Successful integration Strengthening society and improving future prospects for refugees

Overall, it is important to have a holistic view of asylum policy. The long-term impact on host countries and society must also be considered. Better asylum policies can help to better address the challenges of this humanitarian crisis.


Immigration and asylum policy is a controversial topic that always leads to heated debates. The contradictions and paradoxes of asylum policy, as described in the book “The Refugee Paradox,” make it clear that there is no easy solution.
A real improvement in the situation can only be achieved through a comprehensive reform of asylum policy. It is important that politicians from all parties agree that a long-term perspective is needed to ensure sustainable integration. This includes increasing financial resources to improve existing structures and support the integration of refugees.
Policy makers must actively seek solutions to meet the challenges of asylum policy. At the same time, they should be open to discussions about new approaches that can help solve the complex problem.
It is important to raise awareness of the challenges related to immigration and asylum policy and to promote a sustainable exchange in order to find effective solutions. This is the only way to ensure that we move forward together as a society and find solutions that meet both our humanitarian obligations and the needs of our society.

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