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Root canal treatment is a dental procedure otherwise known as endodontic treatment. This dental process mainly treats the infected dental pulp (tooth’s soft central core). This procedure helps to control further infection of the pulp. In this course of action, the abnormal tooth pulp is removed and the areas within the teeth are filled and sealed. Root canal treatment is considered as the most hurting and painful of all dental treatment, but in reality it is false.
Necessity of root canal
Typically, root canal is executed to prevent further decay of tooth and to take care of the infection of the pulp called ‘pulpitis’. The state of the tooth which determines the root canal treatment includes
- X-ray conclusions suggest the indication of infection
- Severe toothache while grinding or biting the food
- Tooth is broken down
- Tooth sensitivity to hot and cold food
- Inflammation near the tooth, or discoloration of it
Root canal treatment may require compound dental appointments.
Benefits of root canal
- High success rate of the healing, nearly 95% of the cases
- Thriving root canal treatment gives relief from toothache and reduces the need of tooth extraction in future
- Root canal treatment helps to re-establish the normal functioning of the affected tooth.
Possible Risk and complication associated with root canal treatment
- Soreness or wound to the neighboring tooth structure
- Medicinal reactions may cause some discomfort
- Continuous numbness, along with some pain
- Anesthetic reaction confined to that area
- In some cases several dental visits are essential
- If infection and swelling recur, then the repetition of the procedure may be required
Preparation of root canal procedure
- Take an appointment with the dentist and have an idea of the procedure along with the necessary post procedure suggestions.
- Know the medicines that have to be sustained or discontinued before that procedure
- Report to the dentist about any allergy and admit the habit of smoking if habitual
- X-rays of the tooth to determine the extent of the tooth infection
- Take an encouraging friend or relative who also helps you reach home after the procedure
Root canal procedure after-care
The tooth is filled or crown is placed temporarily at root canal treated the tooth. There will be a feeling of numbness in and around the areas of the mouth and cheeks just after the procedure that would get back to normal within 3-4 hours, but until then the patient should avoid chomping solid food.
Special precautions to be followed after root canal surgery:
- Don’t be bothered if a small portion of a temporary filling erodes or breaks
- It is soothing to rinse thrice a day with warm salt water to subside puffiness and pain
- Strictly take in the prescribed medicines as suggested
- Avoid hard foods and substances, for e.g. ice, fingernails and pencils
- Take care not to munch-on sticky foods till all the dental visits are over
- The treated patient should habitually pursue brushing and flossing of teeth
After the completion of whole root canal treatment, it takes lesser than a month’s time for the treated tooth to function like a normal tooth.
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