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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease concerning the brain and spinal cord and is basically an inflammatory disease of nervous system. Due to this disease, the adjoining and protective layer of nerve cells called myelin sheath is under damage. This injury affects the normal working of nerve cells. The messages and signals that are exchanged between the brain and peripheral nerves, for the control of fine movements of different parts of the body, are at a lower pace or totally nil. Multiple sclerosis normally initiates in people belonging to 20 to 50 years age group. This condition is widely prevalent in women than in men.
Possible Causes of Multiple sclerosis
- Unknown (Till date)
These factors are known to play a vital role in producing the disorder.
Symptoms and signs of Multiple sclerosis
The indication of multiple sclerosis varies with each person, based on the participation degree of the specific nerve cells. One category of patients will have meager sufferings or discomforts over many years, quite contrary to their counterparts who could suffer with severe complications restricting their movements and making them bedridden. Some of the signs of multiple sclerosis comprises of
- Eye pain
- Vision imbalance or loss of vision in a single eye
- Complexity in color identification
- Incapability to walk or difficulty with coordination and balance
- Weakness felt in muscle
- Anomalous sensations such as numbness, prickling feeling or total loss or sensation
- Control over bowel and bladder is lost
- Dilemma associated to thinking, due to the failure of memory power
The overall symptoms of multiple sclerosis adhere to a characteristic pattern for all the patients. They show their symptomatic appearance, drop and again recur. Till recently, there is no method to calculate the time period and severity of reversion.
Complication due to Multiple Sclerosis
The problem of multiple sclerosis is erratic and differs with each person.
- Asymptomatic (in some patients)
- Severe ailments
- Muscle stiffness known as spasm
- Bowel passing trouble
- Sexual dysfunction
- Bladder dysfunction
- Visual challenges
- Mental incompatibility (weak memory, depression and lower concentration)
- Premature death
Diagnosis methods of Multiple sclerosis
This disease is diagnosed and confirmed by collecting the detailed medical history of the patient and also by neurological examination conducted by a neurologist (nervous system diseases’ expert). The neurologist may suggest MRI scan of brain and/or spinal cord as a verification process. In order to obtain the sample of cerebrospinal fluid (fluid covering brain and spinal cord), patients may be subjected to a lumbar puncture or spinal tap, for a laboratory test. Certain other blood tests will also be conducted in the laboratory to observe the presence of other neurological disorders.
Treatment options for Multiple Sclerosis
Lately, there is no definite treatment accessible to heal multiple sclerosis, but diverse treatments are followed to slow down the advancement of the disease and lessen the related symptoms. The medicines that appropriately boost the immune system are administered with the idea of diminishing the frequency and extent of attacks. Moreover, indicative medicines such as antidepressants or pain killers are known to reduce and manage the symptoms. If the patient faces problems of co-ordination and muscle weakness which inhibits themselves from their basic self-care, they are directed to suitable physical and occupational therapies.
Prevention methods for Multiple Sclerosis
- No substantial method is available for preventing multiple sclerosis till now
- Controlling trigger factors such as over-exhaustion, rise in body temperature (from hot bath or hot and humid weather) and emotional stress, may assist in decreased symptoms and therefore bringing down the degenerating attack of multiple sclerosis
- A nutritious and balanced diet
- A right weight
These methods can make patient’s life more at ease.
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