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Dental crown is a restoration of a damaged tooth by a tooth shaped “cap” that completely covers tooth or dental implant, and is bonded to the tooth using dental cement. A dental crown (cap) fully encases the entire visible portion of a damaged tooth restoring its shape, size, strength and it also improves its appearance.
Dental Crowns can be made of metal, porcelain-fused- to-metal, all resin, or all ceramic materials.
Why it needed?
In conditions where dental crown are needed includes
- To replace a large filling when there isn't a lot of tooth left
- To protect breaking of a weak tooth
- To restore an already broken or severely worn down tooth
- To cover uneven shape and discolor of tooth
- To cover dental implant
- To attach a dental bridge
- Dental crowns are placed in an outpatient procedure; medical tourist can go back to home within 3 weeks or immediately if they plan for two trips.
- The dental crown improves the function and appearance of the injured or damaged tooth.
- Protects the tooth by covering entire surface area of it and eliminates pain.
- Provides strength and longevity with overall attractive appearance.
- Patient may develop sensitivity to hot and cold food.
- The chip formation at crown, if chipping is extensive the crown may need to be replaced
- Loosening of crown can lead to decay of the tooth.
- Crowns fall off sometimes due to an improper fit or a lack of cement.
- Formation of dark line on crowned tooth next to the gum line.
Risk and complication
Associated to dental crown includes
- Reaction to anesthetic or medication
- Structural injury or damage to nerve and tissue near implant site
- Tingling or numbness of the teeth, gums, lips or chin
- Sinus problems
Pre procedure preparation
- Visit to dentist and have a knowledge of procedure and different type of crowns
- Inform the dentist about an allergy and a habit or smoking and alcohol
- X-rays of the tooth to check root of it and surrounding bone
- Know the medicine to be taken or stopped before procedure
- Wear a loose fitting, comfortable clothes
- Ask friend or relative to accompany and for the help after procedure
Post procedure care
Patient may experience discomfort for 1-2 days, with swelling and pain.
One may have strange feeling regarding the crown which will soon disappear within 2-3 days of the procedure.
It is important to maintain good oral hygiene to have a long lifespan of crowns.
- Do regularly teeth brushing twice a day and flossing once a day, especially around the crown area.
- Avoid biting fingernail and using teeth to open packaging
- Avoid clenching and grinding of teeth.
Usually, dental crowns may last for about 5 to15 years with proper dental care.
Reference: Dr. Prem's Guide-Medical Tourism procedure
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