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Cataract removal surgery

When the normal vision of a person is affected and there is persistent cloudiness in the vision, it could be cataract. Cataract surgery will be recommended by the ophthalmologist and it involves the removal of the clouded lens of eye and replacement of an artificial lens which may be made up of plastic, silicone or acrylic materials and functions similar to the eye’s natural lens. Cataract is a global leading reason of vision loss in adults aged more than 55 years. It is predicted that half of the people world wide suffer from cataract when they are above 65 years and at the age of 75 roughly every one has cataract. The detail information about cataract removal is mention in the “Sushruta Samhita”, the book written by an India physician Sushruta during the 6th century BC. The first extracapsular removal of cataract was performed by a French surgeon, Jacques Daviel in 1753. Charles Kelman, in the year1967, brought in the Phacoemulsification type of surgery. According to W.H.O data at the period of1997, cataracts were accountable for 50% of people who were left blind around the world. More or less 1.2% of the common population of Africa is blind, among them 36% of the cases are rooted to cataract blindness.

There are two types of surgeries, namely,

  1. Extracapsular surgery
  2. Phacoemulsification or Phaco

Necessity of Cataract surgery:

One must consult an ophthalmologist to confirm the diagnosis of cataract.
The cataract surgery is generally advised to bring back the vision of a person undergoing vision problems due to cataract. The causes and risk factors for the development of cataract includes

  • Age-people above 40 years are more susceptible to cataract development
  • Congenital Cataracts
  • Diabetes and hypothyroidism are systemic diseases that tend to result in cataract that staunches proper vision
  • Frequent exposure to ultraviolet light  
  • Previous eye surgeries
  • Chronic inflammation can cause cataract

The general symptoms of cataract includes

  • Cloudy or blurry images
  • Faded colors may be sighted
  • Night vision can be poor
  • Glare, Headlights, lamps, or sunlight may cause disturbed vision
  • Double vision is possible
  • Manifold images in an eye
  • Repeated prescription alterations in your eyeglasses or contact lenses

Benefits of cataract surgery:

  • Mostly 90% of cataract patients have felt satisfied with a better resultant vision, so there is an excellent rate of success in the surgery
  • The surgery involves low risk and minimal pain and so post surgery complications are rare
  • The surgery is performed after putting anesthetic eye drops and sedation and so there is no need of general anesthesia
  • In general, recovery after cataract removal surgery is quick
  • Hospitalization is not necessary and daily activities can be carried out as usual very soon after the surgery

Risk and complications associated with cataract surgery:

  • The need for an additional surgery may arise in few cases
  • Reaction to medication
  • Vision problems may persist
  • Infection

Preparation before cataract surgery:

  • A total eye examination and eye tests will be scheduled by the ophthalmologist
  •  Make an appointment with an eye surgeon and inform him concerning about treatment details of any previous eye surgeries related to eye disease and have a list of medicines that have to be discontinued or need  to be taken before surgery
  • Inform the doctor about smoking or alcohol consumption limits if you have made it a habit and also the factors of allergy if any
  • Put the prescribed eye drops without fail before the surgery as prescribed by the doctor
  • Pre-arrange for leave from work, driver assistant, and help at home for easing your post surgery care

Tip for medical tourist:

  • Medical tourist are advised to select a comfortable accommodation or handicap accessible hotel room for staying immediately after- surgery during the period of recovery

Cataract surgery after-care: 

  • After the procedure patient may have a foreign body sensation for some time, which gets back to normal shortly.
  •  A few ophthalmologists put a scrap over the operated eye which will be detached the next day of the procedure
  • The eye drops need to be put on a regular basis as per instructions, to secure proper curing and for the better results of the procedure
  • Patients may use dark glasses for protecting their eyes from sunlight and dust while outing

Special precautions to be followed after the cataract procedure:

  • Always wash your hands before contacting the eyes
  • Involve yourself in light activities as soon as possible after the procedure
  • Rubbing the eyes should be strictly avoided
  • Secure your eyes by avoiding soap water getting into the eyes for a week
  • Hot tubs are to be evaded for 6-8 weeks period
  • Avoid laborious activities for 10 weeks
  • Keep your eyes clean and totally avoid eye make- up at least for 2 weeks
  • Driving can be pursued after getting consent from the doctor

Complete healing of the affected eye can take up to 10 weeks after the surgery.
Two weeks after the surgery may be taken to rest and return back to their business. Most of the cataract patients are contented with the significant progress in their vision after procedure.

 


 

Health Tips

Make a puree of 4 tomatoes. Soak some rice for 30 minutes and grind it coarsely. Add this to the pureed tomatoes. Apply this mixture all over the body and leave it on for about 15 minutes. Bathe with warm water; this is a good scrub recipe for oily skin.

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