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Thursday, 19 July 2012 09:56

Being Overweight, a Forecaster for Health Risk Featured

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Putting extra pounds not only hamper your look but invite lots of health issues.

obeseAre you of one of  those overweight people who want to shed extra pounds just for maintaining personality? Why to reduce weight?...for improving personality...for a better look...for gaining self-esteem. Yeah probably true, but only to some extent. However, sheding pound not only improves personality it improves quality of life. It is importan to become aware of health consequences related to being overweight.

Excess weight hampers your look as well as call for bunches of health issues. So, reduction in extra weight is immensely more important when we think about health. Researchers have shown that obesity; an extra weight exposes you to spectrum of health risks that once develop difficult to put under control.

Overweight, technically termed as obesity, is an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat. Obesity is measured as a body mass index (BMI), a measure of body weight in relation to height.

Knowing about obesity-related health risk...

Obesity and heart diseases

Obesity is implicated to run a risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, heart diseases due to blockage of blood vessels, reported on The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Obesity with waist circumference ≥ 102cm in men and ≥ 88 cm in women when associated with metabolic syndrome become a major risk for heart diseases. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol profile, and elevated blood sugar levels with insulin resistance, blood coagulation abnormalities and chronic inflammation. All of them risk for formation of fatty plaque inside blood vessels and subsequent blockage leading heart diseases.

Blockage of blood vessels supplying to brain can be a reason for stroke, a brain injury due to sudden lack of blood supply to a particular part of brain and subsequent loss of body function associated with that part.

Obesity and type 2 diabetes

Researchers from a Monash University found out a strong relationship between obesity and the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Fat cells release PEDF (Pigment epithelium derived factor), a novel protein, which triggers a chain of reaction and causes rise in blood-sugar levels. PEDF desensitize the muscles and liver cells to the action of insulin, which makes the pancreas to release more insulin. Overworked pancreas due to excessive release of insulin at one stage slow down or stop insulin release and lead to type 2 diabetes.

Obesity and cancer

National cancer Institute reports that being overweight heightens your risk for cancer of esophagus, colon and rectum, kidney, pancreas, thyroid and gallbladder.

Obesity is always associated with chronic low-level inflammation and increased amount of insulin and insulin-like growth factors encouraging the development of cancer.

Additionally overweight can put women at risk for breast cancer in postmenopausal period and endometrial cancer, i.e. the lining of the uterus. Excessive production of hormone estrogens by fat cells may be the reason for such an incidence.

Obesity and knee osteoarthritis

The Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center noted that being overweight is a significant risk factor for development of knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease characterized by joint inflammation and pain, and disability in severe cases.

Overweight women are 4 times at the risk for knee osteoarthritis as compared to normal weight, whereas risk increases up to 5 times in men.

Obesity and migraine

American headache society noted that people with general or belly’s obesity reported greater frequency of migraine, 10-14 days per month and severe headache. Migraine and headache affect women more as compared to men.

Association is attributed due to the involvement of hypothalamus, a part of brain, involves in regulation of feeding as well as in acute migraine attack.

Obesity and colon polyps

A new review states that overweight people are more likely to have colon polyps as compared to normal weight people.

Colon polyp, an adenoma, is clumps of cells develop from colon’s lining. Polyps are mostly found in the upper part of the colon. Though most of them don’t cause any symptoms but can turn out cancerous.

Experts says that overweight is more link to the incidence of polyps and risk increases with BMI.

Obesity and gallstones

Even you are moderately overweight you are at risk for formation of gallstones, especially women, documented by National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC).Probably reduce amount of bile salts in bile increases cholesterol, which in turn decreases gallbladder emptying. All of which favour formation of gallstones.

According to WHO healthy choice of food, physical activity, environmental and community support help to reduce obesity burden to large extent. Hence, obesity is one of the preventable risk factor for many health risks.

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Read 6084 times Last modified on Friday, 21 June 2013 19:20

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